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CRJ 305 Module 4 Check Your Understanding

Which of the following explanations of police corruption diverts attention away from the possibility that corruption is systemic, arguing instead that corrupt acts are committed by only a few “bad” officers within otherwise ethical departments?

a.   Systemic
b.   Institutional
c.   Paternal
d.   Rotten Apple
2. Techniques of neutralization refer to processes of protecting ourselves from guilt and negative self-image by justifying or rationalizing our actions.

a.   True
b.   False


3. Acts of omission by criminal justice professionals that involve not fulfilling one’s professional responsibilities could be considered acts of misfeasance.

a.   True
b.   False


4. Misfeasance is the “improper performance of some act that an official may lawfully do.”

a.   True
b.   False


5. The vast majority of major religious groups in the United States officially support capital punishment.

a.   True
b.   False


6. At the very least it does seem as if the existence of being or doing what is good for the right reasons is obvious and simple.

a.   True
b.   False


7. Plato’s story of the “ring of Gyges” was used in class to illustrate the importance of which of the following questions:

a.   Why should we be moral?
b.   Is it possible to be moral?
c.   Is morality relative?
d.   Is behavior determined?


8. With respect to religion and morality, the problem of common ground refers to the fact that religious commands and principles:

a.   are too old to be valuable today.
b.   are of unknown origin.
c.   only appeal to believers.
d.   are often immoral themselves.


9. Which of the following actions, if committed by a law enforcement officer, would be considered “corruption of authority”?

a.   Stealing money from crime victims
b.   Accepting free meals for doing one’s regular duty
c.   Selling drugs and burglarizing businesses
d.   All of the choices apply
10. Which of the following involves rationalizing misconduct by perceiving informal norms – such as secrecy or loyalty to fellow officers – to be more important than societal laws, norms, or the formal norms of the organization by which one is employed?

a.   Denial of responsibility
b.   Denial of victim
c.   Denial of injury
d.   Appeal to higher loyalties


11. Direct misconduct by a police officer, such as extorting money from drug dealers, would be an example of which of the following forms of misconduct?

a.   Nonfeasance
b.   Misfeasance
c.   Malfeasance
d.   All of the choices apply


12. Simply stated, our awareness that certain actions are morally wrong can be referred to as:

a.   conscience.
b.   guilt.
c.   internal moral authority.
d.   moral predisposition.


13. Psychological egoism insists that we cannot be moral because of our fundamental self-interests.

a.   True
b.   False
14. Although it may be useful for discouraging some undesirable forms of behavior, the use of punishment may serve as an impediment to the development of genuine morality.

a.   True
b.   False


15. Violations of the law usually go unpunished.

a.   True
b.   False


16. Hiring officers with higher levels of moral character and placing greater emphasis on ethics in education and training will, in principle, reduce the likelihood that new officers will become involved in corrupt activities.

a.   True
b.   False


17. Which of the following refers to the anxiety or discomfort we experience when we deviate from our own internal standards of right and wrong?

a.   Moral inferiority
b.   Punitive egoism
c.   Guilt
d.   Hedonism


18. Most of us do believe we can be and often are moral.

a.   True
b.   False


19. Accepting gifts from inmates for special considerations (e.g., choice cells or job assignments) is a form of prison corruption categorized as:

a.   theft.
b.   misuse of authority.
c.   embezzlement.
d.   trafficking.


20. A law enforcement officer accepting money or other favors for overlooking traffic violations would be classified as which of the following forms of corruption?

a.   Theft
b.   Fixes
c.   Shakedowns
d.   Opportunistic theft


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